Archaeological Assessments are often required to be included with Development Applications and Integrated Development Applications. The assessment report identifies archaeological issues associated with a site. In urban areas types of archaeological remains might include: early colonial remains, government-related sites, and evidence of nineteenth-century housing and industry. In the rural and semi-rural areas, around the outskirts of Greater Sydney, this may relate to early colonial settlement, convict-related sites, nineteenth-century houses and inns and roadworks.
Excavation Permit Application (s140 and s60)
An Excavation permit requires an assessment of the archaeological potential and significance of a site, identification of appropriate recommendations and a Research Design.
A research design is intended to ensure that archaeological investigations focus on genuine research needs. It is an important tool that ensures the preservation of archaeological resources.
An archaeological excavation consists of the methodologies and techniques used to find, expose and record sub-surface archaeological evidence. A detailed report of the recording of all archaeological programs are written post- excavation, including analysis of the results as well as a response to the research design.
Archaeological monitoring is recommended for those areas where the impact of the works is not considered to mean the destruction of significant archaeological fabric. Archaeological monitoring requires a s140 approval from the NSW Heritage Council.